The central role of artificial intelligence in Industry 4.0

by | 11 June 2019 | Basics

Artificial intelligence in Industry 4.0 has become one of the most important topics in recent months. To put it bluntly, the competitiveness of German industry depends on it in the coming years. In this article you will learn why artificial intelligence is so important in Industry 4.0.

The Industry 4.0 has become the epitome of successful digital transformation in manufacturing companies in recent years. Almost all companies in this sector are already dealing with digital transformation in one way or another. data-driven digitalisation, Data evaluation or Industry 4.0.

Artificial intelligence in Industry 4.0 brings with it an enormous Optimisation potential and Quality improvements in production. To be very complex relationships to recognise and control the Batch size 1 production to make possible, are intelligent systems from the field of robotics, for example, and Data Science-methods asked.

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Intelligent robot systems such as the one from "Kuka" enable even smaller companies to control highly individualised production.

The developments in the field of Artificial intelligence Within automated manufacturing, for example, this promotes the development of Assistance systems. It is precisely because of this that they make a previously unknown degree of complexity can be mastered.

Companies that have already taken the first steps towards Industry 4.0 have gone, bring with them the best prerequisites for taking the next step in the Transformation to take place. Artificial intelligence in Industry 4.0 allows the unleashing of unimagined potential.

Artificial intelligence unleashes the possibilities of robotics - without replacing humans.

The Robotics certainly has a special role to play in this context. Just as body and mind interact in humans, robotics only becomes something outstanding in the interplay with artificial intelligence, which in comparison to mass production a real added value achieved.

Intelligent robots such as "Baxter" have long been used not only in the industrial manufacturing in use. They can also provide valuable services in other areas, for example by supporting blind people in their everyday lives. In the meantime, it is becoming more and more apparent that robots do not simply replace people's work. They open up new areas or take over monotonous or particularly difficult work.

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Artificial intelligence thus has a leading role to play within the Smart Factory especially when it comes to smallest production quantities goes. Artificial intelligence in Industry 4.0 brings two main strengths to bear.

On the one hand complex relationships The first is that they are controllable, so that the precise control of several processes is possible. On the other hand, intelligent systems are characterised by the fact that they optimise themselves during operation. This is where Data Science Methods like Deep Learning  a decisive role.

How artificial intelligence will boost economic growth

Artificial intelligence in Industry 4.0 benefits not only the large corporations, but also the numerous hidden champions of the German economy, which can be found across all industries. The most recent McKinsey study compares the potential of Artificial intelligence with that of the steam engine and quantifies the worldwide Value creation potential by artificial intelligence at $13 trillion by 2030.

This enormous potential is explained by the fact that the Error rate in the production of intelligent systems permanently sinks, while the Performance increases. In individual cases, power increases of up to 70 % per machine are even possible.

In this respect, it is not surprising that the performance of AI solutions exceeds that of humans in some areas. Through the increased use of AI, robots are becoming autonomous actors in the smart factory. In this context, data science is playing an increasingly important role: in order to improve, intelligent systems must constantly collect and evaluate data (Big Data).

The advantages of AI and robotics in an industrial context - their learning and adaptability

The greatest advantage offered by Artificial Intelligence in Industry 4.0 is the Adaptability and learning ability of intelligent systems. The aim of such systems is not to make humans superfluous in the smart factory. Thanks in particular to Collaborative assembly systemsIn the future, highly complex tasks can be mastered with the help of technology in which people and machines work together.

In these newly emerging ecosystems, people partly take on new functions: They are responsible for monitoring the entire process, assessing risks and Quality inspection responsible.

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In practice, too, the real strength of intelligent robot systems lies precisely in the fact that humans and machines work together.

Artificial intelligence in Industry 4.0 promotes growth and employment

An important thesis of the Fraunhofer Institute in this context is: "The requirements for digital security systems increase disproportionately with the increase in the volume of cyber-physical products".Cyber-physical systems (CPS) refers to the complex ecosystems described above, in which smart objects, intelligent assistance systems and people work together.

The digitalised and real worlds are closely intertwined, so that the automation of certain manufacturing processes is possible in CPS. Workpieces that carry information or embedded software can trigger automated actions along the production path. This means that the use of collaborative robot a great potential for physically relieving the workers and for Increase in assembly precision.

Also the Integration of physically disabled people is much better possible through the use of robots. The example shows that artificial intelligence does not necessarily threaten jobs, but actually creates new employment opportunities.

 

 

Learn more about this topic in the Industrial Analytics Study.

 

<a href="https://www.alexanderthamm.com/en/blog/author/michaela/" target="_self">Michaela Tiedemann</a>

Michaela Tiedemann

Michaela Tiedemann has been part of the Alexander Thamm GmbH team since the early start-up days. She has actively shaped the development from a fast-moving, spontaneous start-up to a successful company. With the founding of her own family, a whole new chapter began for Michaela Tiedemann at the same time. Hanging up her job, however, was out of the question for the new mother. Instead, she developed a strategy to reconcile her job as Chief Marketing Officer with her role as a mother.

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