What is OpenGPT-X?
OpenGPT-X describes a European project in which a large language model is to be developed. Language models are used, for example, for Chatbots but also for writing texts, understanding complex texts or conducting conversations. GPT stands for "Generative Pretrained". Transformer", the following "X" represents a variable for the version.
A consortium of well-known European companies, institutes and universities is participating in the project under the leadership of the Fraunhofer Institute. It was created, among other things, to build European sovereignty in the field of major language models and to minimise dependence on the USA and China. With GPT-3 (Generative Pretrained Transformer 3) was developed by the company OpenAI in May 2020, the major third-generation language model was introduced in the USA. In June 2021, China responded to the pioneer from the USA with Wu Dao 2.0 ("Understanding the Laws of Nature") in its second version.
What are the goals of the European joint project?
The The primary aim of the project is to preserve European digital sovereignty and independence with its own AI language model. The European properties in the area of Data protectionvalues and linguistic diversity are to be linked to one's own Model be taken into account.
The OpenGPT-X project is designed to enable data-based business solutions in the GAIA-X ecosystem. GAIA-X is a project to create a networked and secure data infrastructure in Europe to use and share data in a decentralised way. The name Gaia is derived from Greek mythology and describes a deity who is regarded as the personified earth.
OpenGPT-X is responsible for building a node for large AI language models and innovative language application services in the GAIA-X project.
What differentiates OpenGPT-X from other language models such as GPT-3?
In OpenGPT-X, special attention is paid to the European context of the AI language model. This primarily concerns the Integration of the many European languages, European ethical values as well as culture.
In addition, OpenGPT-X is also intended to meet European standards of data protection. These specifics are often cited as points of criticism of alternatives such as GPT-3 or Wu Dao 2.0 and are to be improved by the European solution and thus make the Protect the economic interests of "Europe as a business location.
Furthermore, this approach also allows governmental and legal concerns to be taken into account, such as the observance of European values, the European cultural context and regulations in the development of language applications. OpenGPT-X is also intended to be used in the decentralised Cloud solution GAIA-X and thus form a building block within the European data infrastructure.