Data protection and data privacy (also called information protection) essentially mean the same thing: Regulations and practices to protect the personal rights of individuals in the collection, storage and processing of personal data. In the USA, the term "data privacy" has become established, while Europeans prefer the term "data protection".

The rules for handling personal data vary from country to country. Data protection laws are often a nuisance for data-driven companies that try to collect, process and use as much data as possible (including personal data) - but at the same time the laws are the result of the actions of these companies.

Some countries have more lax laws and regulations than others, imposing strict rules to uphold what is often considered a basic human right: the individual's right to privacy. For example, the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union states that "everyone has the right to the protection of personal data concerning him or her".

Such data protection laws place a great responsibility and burden on companies that collect personal data. Some of these laws aim to ensure the proper collection, storage and processing of personal data, which imposes certain requirements on the Data security poses. There is an overlap here between data security and data protection.